Top health myths about water
It can even kill you
Fri 8 Jul, 2011 07:00 am BST
© Garo Phanie Rex Features
Water is an amazing substance – we can’t live without it and in fact we are mostly made of it. So it is not surprising that a whole bunch of half-truths and myths exist about water, especially when it comes to your health.
So here are our top 5 myths about water.
Myth 1: We should drink 8 glasses of water a day to avoid dehydration
Probably one of the most widely-believed yet false beliefs about water – no doubt encouraged by bottled water brands.
It’s true that our bodies need a fair amount of water every day. According to the British Dietetic Association, most of us need the equivalent of around six to eight glasses of fluid a day, fluid not water. Much of this can be obtained from the food we eat – fruit and vegeatables are 80-90 per cent water by weight – and other drinks including milk, tea and coffee.
Obviously in hotter, sweatier conditions we need to up our intake to make up for the extra loss, but again, any non-alcoholic drink will suffice.
Your body is also very good at regulating its water levels – it will get rid of excess by sweat and urine and when levels are low you will feel thirsty and compelled to drink.
Myth 2: Coffee, tea and other beverages “dehydrate” you
While it is true that caffeine has a diuretic effect (it makes you want to pee) this is very mild compared with the amount of water contained in the drink. So as explained above these drinks will contribute to your body’s need for water.
Myth 3: Water is harmless (apart from drowning!)
Generally speaking water is a non-toxic substance. But it is possible to drink too much water. In extreme cases drinking too much water can cause an electrolyte imbalance in the body, known as “water intoxication.”
Athletes in extreme sports such as marathon runners have been know to suffer from this condition. Their sport causes them to sweat profusely, leading to a loss of both water and electrolytes, including sodium. But if they drink a lot of water in a short period of time without replacing the lost electrolytes, sodium levels in the blood fall, which can be potentially life-threatening.
Myth 4: Bottled water is safer that tap water
Would you drink a liquid containing chemicals that may have been exposed to pesticides, man-made fertilisers and even radioactive materials and destroys the environment? Then you will probably be happy to pay 1,500 times the going rate to drink water from a plastic bottle.
Tap water is subject to stringent health and safety requirements. It is continuously tested and safe to drink. Bottled waters often come from exactly the same sources as tap water – in fact some are tap water.
Much bottled water is prepared with lower safety standards than tap water, and it consumes vast resources to bottle, ship, market and sell it. That’s why it costs around 1,500 times more per drink than tap water, which is safe, cheap, convenient and by the far the most eco-friendly way to get water.
Myth 5: Water can help you lose weight
Actually there is some truth is this idea. But only some.
Going back to myth 1, drinking calorie-free and sugar-free water is a better way to get your daily fluid intake than gulping back sugary, high-calorie soft drinks.
And some studies have shown that if you drink a pint of water before a meal it can help you eat less. But the key point here is that you do in fact need to eat less – the water itself does not in any way reduce your body fat.
Tap Water Facts – There’s A Lot That People Don’t Know About Tap Water
There’s a lot that people don’t know about tap water. Facts like how much bacteria is in most water supplies and what types of chemicals are added to the water in the interest of public health.
Or, exactly what contaminants may be present that conventional treatment methods fail to eliminate. These are examples of things that not everybody is aware of.
When it comes to tap water, facts about how much is used and how much is actually wasted may shock you. A typical American household uses about 69.3 gallons of tap water daily. Approximately 1% of that amount is actually used for drinking and the rest is used for other purposes such as bathing, flushing toilets and washing clothes and laundry.
However, an average of about 9.5 gallons per day is wasted due to leaking. The most common cause of leaking is faulty faucets that don’t shut off properly, usually due to worn out washers in the taps. It’s a common problem that’s easy and inexpensive to fix, and can conserve a huge amount of water.
One of the most disturbing tap water facts is the amount of chemical contaminants that find their way into water supplies. Many of these substances are known to cause deadly diseases like cancer, and standard water treatment methods don’t necessarily remove them.
Over 100 years ago, most pipes used to carry water were made out of lead. Unfortunately, a lot of this lead pipe still exists, and people are unaware of the fact that their ‘clean’ drinking water may be reaching their home by traveling through these pipes.
Automotive fluids drip onto the ground from leaky engines, transmissions and radiators, and rainwater washes them back into the earth, where they eventually find their way into water supplies. A few drops may not seem like much, but when you multiply those few drops by billions of cars, it can add up to an astonishing amount.
Other harmful substances that are commonly found in tap water include prescription drugs, radon, arsenic, aluminum, mercury and asbestos. Fluoride, which is intentionally added to drinking water in some areas, has been linked to cancer and also infertility.
Another of the more unsettling tap water facts is the amount of bacteria that’s actually present in most tap water. Nearly all tap water contains some level of bacterial contamination. We trust water treatment facilities to eliminate bacteria and make water safe to drink, but treatment methods are actually somewhat limited.
According to the Centres for Disease Control , 50% of America’s water treatment systems sometimes allow Cryptosporidium past their purification methods. Giardia is often present in tap water, but in low concentrations that are unlikely to cause illness in healthy people. Coliforms are used as standard system of measurement to indicate when other, more deadly microorganisms are present.
Keep in mind however, that even though your tap water may contain all sorts of foreign substances, switching to bottled water is not a viable solution. Much bottled water has been tested and found to be no better than ordinary tap water. It’s best to invest your money in a good water purification system instead.
To read more about tap water, please follow these links:
10 passos para curtir (e muito!) a Itália
Na semana passada, praticamente no mesmo dia, eu recebi emails e posts de quatro leitores – o Eduardo, a Ingrid, a Ana e a Alessandra – pedindo quase a mesma coisa: dicas para se dar bem na Itália. Três deles vão fazer o mesmo roteiro – vão de Roma até Milão de carro (ou vice-versa). E é por isso que eu decidi que, em homenagem a eles, esta semana vai ser temática. Nos próximos posts vou falar dos meus roteiros preferidos, das cidadezinhas que eu considero mais encantadoras, das melhores estradas para se perder, das escapadas mais deliciosas, dos hotéis que são uns achadinhos – na minha modesta opinião… Hoje, me limito a listar 10 coisas que acho fundamentais ter em mente para uma viagem boa e bem programada (leia-se: sem picar dinheiro pela janela).
ANTES DE IR…
3) Entre no fuso local o mais rapidamente possível. Eu não me refiro apenas a acertar o relógio e forçar o corpo a chegar no lugar. Mas a adotar alguns dos deliciosos hábitos locais. O café no meio da manhã. O almoço no balcão. A happy hour em Milão – aliás, o que é aquilooo? A partir das 18h, 18h30 todos os bares montam mesas cinematográficas de petiscos. De graça. Você só tem que pagar a bebida, as guloseimas são oferta da casa. Imperdível. Prepare-se para estar com fome a esta hora. Mais uma dica econômica…
UMA VEZ LÁ…
5) Tente ser flexível nas viagens de carro. Ainda que você seja do tipo ultra-mega-organizado, é sempre bom deixar o mapa no porta-luvas e se perder. Se for pela Toscana (foto) então…
6) Dedique pelo menos um pouquinho do seu tempo às delícias locais. Se estiver pela Toscana, visite uma fábrica de queijo pecorino; se o destino for a Emilia-Romanha, vá ver de perto como é feito o presunto de Parma e o queijo parmiggiano reggiano (a agência Parma Golosa organiza tudo). Descubra como uma aceitaia tradicional de Modena pode produzir delícias muito melhores do que o ralo aceto balsâmico que a gente usa para temperar saladas (recebe turistas e organiza degustações). Visite feiras, sempre e por todo canto.
6) Spend at least a little of your time to local delicacies. If the Tuscany, visit a cheese factory pecorino if the target is the Emilia-Romagna, go see firsthand how it’s doneParma ham and Parmigiano Reggiano cheese (the agency organizes everything Parma Golosa).
Accept Discover how a traditional delicacies from Modena canproduce much better than the thin balsamic vinegar that we use for salad dressing (welcomes tourists and organizes tastings). Visit trade fairs, always and everywhere.
7) Visite vinícolas também, claro. Na região de Chianti, em Montalcino… Se possível, hospede-se numa. Nada mal acordar e ver aquele mar de vinhedos da janelinha. Nas refeições, abuse dos vinhos também. Na maioria das vezes ele vai custar muito mais barato do que um refrigerante.
Programe-se. Se tem horror de fila, fuja dos dias em que as atrações são gratuitas (consulte o escritório de informação turística da cidade antes). Evite os domingos nos museus (especialmente os do Vaticano!). E procure saber que atrações exigem reserva antecipada – é o caso, por exemplo, da Ultima Ceia, do Da Vinci, em Milão. Quem não tem reserva dá literalmente com as caras na porta, sem direito a chorumelas.
9) Tome muito café, experimente todos os sorvetes (de nocciola, de gianduia…), mas não espere muito da pizza – a menos que o seu destino seja Nápoles. Ela costuma ser bem diferente do que imaginamos. Muitas vezes é quadrada e vendida pelo peso. E sem qualquer sutileza (há exceções, eu sei. Mas elas são raras).
ANTES DE IR EMBORA…
Alguém tem mais alguma dica? Eu, o Eduardo, a Ana, a Ingrid e a Alessandra vamos adorar!
The ice cream in the pot, or a whole meal, not only for mere desserts.. it is a thing unto itself.
Ice cream recipes, from appetizers to vegetables, sweet and salty, the secret recipes of gourmet chef-ice-cream: this is “The ice in the Pot with Parmigiano Reggiano, Prosciutto di Parma and certified prod…More
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Giulio Armani is the winemaker at Denavolo and La Stoppa.
13:05:11 / FAMILY AND PERSONAL – the Family: a week of meetings and events. Sunday 15 presentation of “familiarization”
On the occasion of International Day of Families, scheduled for Sunday, May 15, the municipal administration in Serbia, from Saturday 14 to Sunday, May 22, a week full of cultural, informational, and recreational game to talk about family. Sunday 15 to 18.30 Mayor Vignali presents “familiarization”. At the start the project “Tobias. Family and words go.”
On the occasion of International Day of Families, scheduled for Sunday, May 15, the municipal administration in Serbia, from Saturday 14 to Sunday, May 22, a week full of cultural, informational, and recreational game to talk about family and to meet , dating and strengthen the ties between the families of the city.
In the week’s program are provided opportunities for children and adults and, in conjunction with any proposed initiatives to the launch of the project “Tobias. Family and words on a journey “that in the coming months, will pass through Italy and families in 15 different squares. A mobile library of 80 square meters that will run twelve different Italian regions and involve families with discussions, films, conferences, shows and children’s workshops, meetings with authors and with the most important realities of voluntary and non-profit organizations.
The “W the Family” is curated by the Agency for the Family in collaboration with the sectors of the municipality, the municipal See Family Associations, the Forum of Family Associations and the contribution of many urban realities.
The project “Tobias. Words and family on the go “is promoted by the Forum of Family Associations with the publishing group San Paolo.
The weekend program
The event will begin with a Mass De La Salle Institute in Berzioli off at 9 am which will be attended by the Mayor Pietro Vignali and Cecilia Maria Greci, the Agency for the Family.
At 16, and repeated at 21, at the Theatre in Europe via Oradour 14 the show free for families on the theme of environmental sustainability “What does the whales?” By the City of Parma, and the Society of Charlatans Persegona Mara, Iren.
Mayor Pietro Vignali
Sunday, May 15, International Day of the Family, Parma will be a feast for all, under the arcades of the Wheat and the streets of downtown with “Parma, which is surprising.”
After Pinocchio, Little Prince and Momo, another character dear to the large and small, Alice, will assist the community in the fourth stage of the project “To educate a child is a whole village,” initiated by the Agency for the Family in collaboration with the ‘cultural association Rhinoceros Bound, Solidarity Forum and the Project Group “To educate a child.”
From 10.30 to 12.30 under the arcades of the Wheat will be environments inspired the book by Lewis Carroll’s “Alice in Wonderland”: an information stand on the project “to educate”, an exhibition on the history of the project, a mini play area for children, a lounge where you tell stories, take a tent where tea, snack and a kitchen where a puppet show.
From 15.30 to 19, however, the motion paths through the streets of downtown, large and small will be involved in the exploration of four themes: family history, To family, To me the family is familiar with.
At 18.30 in Piazza Mayor Pietro Vignali Familiarise present, new initiatives aimed at families in their seasons of life: engaged couples, young couples, families who welcome a new life and all those who have occasion to celebrate, remember anniversaries and birthdays, with special attention to the grandparents.
Familiarise yourself with the station for the entire day will be set up a special photo shoot for parents and children. Not to forget the solidarity, in collaboration with the NGO Parma for Others, which allowed the twinning between the families and the families of Parma Shelallà (Ethiopia). There will also Pierluigi Bontempi, President Association for Parma Other NGOs.
Tobias. In conjunction with the week “W Family” Sunday always starts from Parma “Tobias. Family and words go. ”
In addition to this library to the streets throughout the day, 18.30, Don Virginio Colmegna, chairman of the House of Charity Foundation, will present “It’s not for me alone. Autobiography of many voices. “Followed, of Parma Caritaschildren announces its plans for sponsorship, and proposes a reflection on the” family solidarity “.
Corchia is a village in northwest Italy. It is a frazione of the commune of Berceto in the Province of Parma, Emilia-Romagna. It is a settlement which maintains its medieval heart with stone houses, flag-stoned narrow lanes, archways and a Hostel dating back to the 12th century.
Set in the chestnut groves of Val Manubiola, Corchia is a perfect example of a medieval borough of northern Italy.
The church is dedicated to San Martino although it is no longer used for religious purposes; it presents an unusual façade with a bell tower held up by an archway that crosses over the street. A new church, financed by immigrants who went to America and France has been built on the outskirts of the village. Corchia is also known to be a very wealthy town, that is in a few places throughout the town.
Corchia’s history is linked to the mines: once all hope of finding gold (actually pyrite) in the valley was lost – a hope that was spurred in the mid-16th century under the Farnese family – industrial exploitation of the copper deposits started in 1865 and lasted till 1942: the galleries can still be seen on the sides of Mount Maggio.
EXHIBITION DEDICATED TO OUR MOST BEAUTIFUL FLOWERS!
Opening Saturday, May 14
Sunday, May 15 from 10:00 to 20:00
for children will be able to participate in
- 11 am: ROSE in the salad
- 16 hours: FLOWER TEXTURES
Free Saturday and Sunday € 5
Children aged 4 to 10 years, Capacity 25
you can please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org
Do not miss it!
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Tel +39 0521 1915805
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DESTINATION HUB: PARMA, in the centre of it all!
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- Parma Golosa Videos (gustoitalia.wordpress.com)
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- Savour the flavour of Italy in Emilia Romagna (gustoitalia.wordpress.com)